What is Baking?

As the Merriam Webster Dictionary defines it, baking is:

a transitive verb

1 : to cook by dry heat especially in an oven bake a cake bake bread baked potatoes baking [=roasting] a chicken

2 : to dry or harden by subjecting to heat

As the Wikipedia explains:

Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones. The most common baked item is bread but many other types of foods are baked.[1] Heat is gradually transferred "from the surface of cakes, cookies, and breads to their centre. As heat travels through, it transforms batters and doughs into baked goods with a firm dry crust and a softer centre".[2] Baking can be combined with grilling to produce a hybrid barbecue variant by using both methods simultaneously, or one after the other. Baking is related to barbecuing because the concept of the masonry oven is similar to that of a smoke pit.

Because of historical social and familial roles, baking has traditionally been performed at home by women for domestic consumption and by men in bakeries and restaurants for local consumption. When production was industrialized, baking was automated by machines in large factories. The art of baking remains a fundamental skill and is important for nutrition, as baked goods, especially breads, are a common and important food, both from an economic and cultural point of view. A person who prepares baked goods as a profession is called a baker.

Foods and Techniques

All types of food can be baked, but some require special care and protection from direct heat. Various techniques have been developed to provide this protection.

          In addition to bread, baking is used to prepare cakes, pastries, pies, tarts, quiches, cookies, scones, crackers, pretzels, and more. These popular items are known collectively as "baked goods," and are often sold at a bakery, which is a store that carries only baked goods, or at markets, grocery stores, farmers markets or through other venues.

           Meat, including cured meats, such as ham can also be baked, but baking is usually reserved for meatloaf, smaller cuts of whole meats, or whole meats that contain stuffing or coating such as bread crumbs or buttermilk batter. Some foods are surrounded with moisture during baking by placing a small amount of liquid (such as water or broth) in the bottom of a closed pan, and letting it steam up around the food, a method commonly known as braising or slow baking. Larger cuts prepared without stuffing or coating are more often roasted, which is a similar process, using higher temperatures and shorter cooking times. Roasting, however, is only suitable for finer cuts of meat, so other methods have been developed to make tougher meat cuts palatable after baking. One of these is the method known as en croûte (French for "in a crust"), which protects the food from direct heat and seals the natural juices inside. Meat, poultry, game, fish or vegetables can be prepared by baking en croûte. Well-known examples include Beef Wellington, where the beef is encased in pastry before baking; pâté en croûte, where the terrine is encased in pastry before baking; and the Vietnamese variant, a meat-filled pastry called pâté chaud. The en croûte method also allows meat to be baked by burying it in the embers of a fire – a favourite method of cooking venison. In this case, the protective casing (or crust) is made from a paste of flour and water and is discarded before eating. Salt can also be used to make a protective crust that is not eaten. Another method of protecting food from the heat while it is baking, is to cook it en papillote (French for "in parchment"). In this method, the food is covered by baking paper (or aluminium foil) to protect it while it is being baked. The cooked parcel of food is sometimes served unopened, allowing diners to discover the contents for themselves which adds an element of surprise.

          Eggs can also be used in baking to produce savoury or sweet dishes. In combination with dairy products especially cheese, they are often prepared as a dessert. For example, although a baked custard can be made using starch (in the form of flour, cornflour, arrowroot, or potato flour), the flavour of the dish is much more delicate if eggs are used as the thickening agent. Baked custards, such as crème caramel, are among the items that need protection from an oven's direct heat, and the bain-marie method serves this purpose. The cooking container is half submerged in water in another, larger one, so that the heat in the oven is more gently applied during the baking process. Baking a successful soufflé requires that the baking process be carefully controlled. The oven temperature must be absolutely even and the oven space not shared with another dish. These factors, along with the theatrical effect of an air-filled dessert, have given this baked food a reputation for being a culinary achievement. Similarly, a good baking technique (and a good oven) are also needed to create a baked Alaska because of the difficulty of baking hot meringue and cold ice cream at the same time.

          Baking can also be used to prepare various other foods such as pizzas, baked potatoes, baked apples, baked beans, some casseroles and pasta dishes such as lasagne.



In this section, we are gonna work on food items, including ingredients, equipment and imporant items in the kitchen.


Baking Ingredients

There are some basic ingredients each baking recipe should have. Here you have a list of the main ingredients:


Wheat is the most common type of flour used in bread baking. It includes all-purpose flour, bread flour and whole wheat flour. Wheat is rich in gluten, a protein that gives dough its elasticity and strength. When yeast and flour are mixed with liquid and then kneaded or beaten, the gluten forms and stretches to create a network that traps the carbon dioxide bubbles produced by the yeast.

Recipes with whole wheat flour have less gluten and make denser loaves. That’s why these recipes generally require some all-purpose flour which increases the gluten and makes lighter, taller loaves.



is the most important liquid because it does 2 critical things:

  • It dissolves and activates the yeast.
  • It blends with the flour to create a sticky and elastic dough.
Milk, buttermilk, cream or juice

may be added to enhance the flavor or texture. Only warm liquids should be added to dry ingredients in a recipe because:

  • A too-cool liquid will slow or stop yeast action.
  • A too-hot liquid will destroy the yeast and prevent it from rising.

Ideal temperature ranges are 100°F–110°F, when yeast is dissolved directly in water; 120°F-130°F when undissolved yeast is added to dry ingredients.


Sugar adds flavor and rich brown color to a bread’s crust. Brown sugar, honey, molasses and jams may also be used.


Salt is an important ingredient in bread baking because it slows rising time allowing the flavor of the dough to develop, and it adds to the flavor of the baked product. For best results, we do not recommend omitting the salt in a yeast recipe.


Eggs add food value, color and flavor to breads. They also help make the crumb fine and the crust tender. Eggs add richness and protein. Some recipes call for eggs to be used as a wash, which adds color.


Butter, margarine, shortening or oil add flavor and make bread tender and moist. Fat slows moisture loss, helping bread stay fresh longer. Fat is heated with liquid when using RapidRise® Yeast. Do not substitute oil for margarine/shortening unless the recipe calls for it.

Taken from


New York Cheesecake


The Kitchen


Here we have Jamie Oliver, a famous British Chef cooking Bread.

Pay special attention to the directions.

Lista desordenada

Put the following directions in order

  • make a well in the flour
  • Add the yeast to tepid water. Add a little pinch of sugar.
  • Add a generous couple of pinches of salt to the flour well.
  • When the yeast starts bubbling, add it slowly to the flour well.
  • Move the dough with a fork.
  • Knead the dough for about 10 minutes
  • Put the resulting dough in a greasy pan and cover it with cling film. let it rest
  • split the dough in two and put them in the baking pans. let it prove for 1 hour
  • Preheat oven to 200ºC and bake for 30-35m minutes



No es correcto... Respuesta correcta:


Baking Ingredients

Pregunta Verdadero-Falso

Are the following affirmations true or false?

Pregunta 1

Yeast is the essential ingredient that makes the dough rise and gives taste and aroma

Pregunta 2

FLour is translated into Spanish as Levadura

Pregunta 3

Water is the most important liquid because it dissolvesand activates the yeast and It blends with the flour to create a sticky and elastic dough

Pregunta 4

 Salt is an important ingredient in bread baking because it speeds up rising time allowing the flavor of the dough to develop, 

Pregunta 5

Fats such as butter, margarine and oil add flavor and make the bread tender and moist

Baking Ingredients

Translate the following terms


Flour means:








Yeast means







To Prove:







To Knead



Dejar reposar




Rellenar huecos

Read the following paragraph and fill in the gaps with the correct missing words

  1. In the bowl of a , combine warm milk, yeast, sugar, salt, butter, and eggs. in flour. Using a dough hook, turn the on to a low speed.
  2. Once the flour starts to incorporate into the dough, increase the speed to a medium range. Add more as necessary so that the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl. The dough mixture should be tacky, but not stick to your hands. It should be soft. Add more or less flour until the dough reaches the desired consistency. The amount of flour you add in bread making is always an approximation and you should go by feel.
  3. Transfer the dough to a lightly mixing bowl . with a towel and let until double in size, about 1 hour.
  4. Lightly grease a . Punch down the dough and roll into a 12inch by 18inch rectangle.
  5. Brush the dough with ½ cup melted . In a small bowl, combine the brown and cinnamon. (verb) on top of the melted butter. Roll up tightly lengthwise so you have one long roll. Use plain dental floss or a sharp knife to cut the dough into 12 one-inch slices.
  6. Place the slices onto a lightly 9x13 pan. (verb)and let (verb) 30 to 45 minutes.
  7. Preheat to 325 degrees. the rolls for about 14 minutes, until just kissed with brown on top.
  8. While the cinnamon rolls are baking, make the cream cheese glaze by using a hand mixer to together cream cheese and butter in a bowl until light and fluffy. (verb) in powdered sugar and vanilla . Add enough milk to achieve a drizzle-like consistency.
  9. (verb) the rolls while still warm. Serve immediately or cool and store. Stays good for 4 to 5 days.

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Create your own recipe

Now it is your turn to post your personal baking recipe. You can be as creative as you want (the recipe doesn't need to work or taste delightfully). You can use whatever measures you want or add the ingredients in the order you desire.

Some inspiration info:

Recipe for a successful writing:

Take your pen and the agave syrup and mix well. Add some sugar to the laptop and let your imagination fly away!!


I'm taking into consideration the following aspects:

  1. Creativity
  2. Use of the vocabulary use in this unit (nouns, verbs, collocations, etc)
  3. Correct word order
  4. Mispellings

Go for it guys!

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